BoneView

Added value of an artificial intelligence solution for fracture detection in the radiologist’s daily trauma emergencies workflow

Canoni-Meynet et. al

Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging

Published In

Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging (June 2022)

Authors

Lisa Canoni-Meynet, Pierre Verdot, Alexis Danner, Paul Calame, Sébastien Aubry

Abstract

Abstract

 

Purpose

The main objective of this study was to compare radiologists’ performance without and with artificial intelligence (AI) assistance in the detection of bone fractures from trauma emergencies.

Materials and methods

Five hundred consecutive patients (232 women, 268 men) with a mean age of 37 ± 28 (SD) years (age range: 0.25–99 years) were retrospectively included. Three radiologists independently interpreted radiographs without then with AI assistance after a 1-month minimum washout period. The ground truth was determined by consensus reading between musculoskeletal radiologists and AI results. Patient-wise sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) for fracture detection and reading time were compared between unassisted and AI-assisted readings of radiologists. Their performances were also assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.

Results

AI improved the patient-wise sensitivity of radiologists for fracture detection by 20% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14–26), P< 0.001) and their specificity by 0.6% (95% CI: -0.9–1.5; P = 0.47). It increased the PPV by 2.9% (95% CI: 0.4–5.4; P = 0.08) and the NPV by 10% (95% CI: 6.8–13.3; P < 0.001). Thanks to AI, the area under the ROC curve for fracture detection of readers increased respectively by 10.6%, 10.2% and 9.9%. Their mean reading time per patient decreased by respectively 10, 16 and 12 s (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

AI-assisted radiologists work better and faster compared to unassisted radiologists. AI is of great aid to radiologists in daily trauma emergencies and could reduce the cost of missed fractures.