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AI-Assisted X-ray Fracture Detection in Residency Training: Evaluation in Pediatric and Adult Trauma Patients

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an AI-assisted fracture detection program on radiology residents’ performance in pediatric and adult trauma patients and assess its implications for residency training.

This study, conducted retrospectively, included 200 radiographs from participants aged 1 to 95 years (mean age: 40.7 ± 24.5 years), encompassing various body regions. Among these, 50% (100/200) displayed at least one fracture, totaling one hundred thirty-five fractures, assessed by four radiology residents with different experience levels. A machine learning algorithm was employed for fracture detection, and the ground truth was established by consensus among two experienced senior radiologists. Fracture detection accuracy, reporting time, and confidence were evaluated with and without AI support.

Radiology residents’ sensitivity for fracture detection improved significantly with AI support (58% without AI vs. 77% with AI, p < 0.001), while specificity showed minor improvements (77% without AI vs. 79% with AI, p = 0.0653). AI stand-alone performance achieved a sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 77%. AI support for fracture detection significantly reduced interpretation time for radiology residents by an average of approximately 2.6 s (p = 0.0156) and increased resident confidence in the findings (p = 0.0013).

AI support significantly enhanced fracture detection sensitivity among radiology residents, particularly benefiting less experienced radiologists. It does not compromise specificity and reduces interpretation time, contributing to improved efficiency. This study underscores AI’s potential in radiology, emphasizing its role in training and interpretation improvement.


BoneView, our first clinical AI application, has become a global bone trauma X-ray interpretation standard, recognized for its scientific excellence. It pinpoints fractures, effusions, dislocations, and bone lesions efficiently. Recognized for its scientific rigor with publications in top-tier peer-reviewed journals, its clinical study won the prestigious 2022 Alexander Margulis Award for scientific excellence.

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